UNAIDS (The Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS) has called on all countries to remove discriminatory laws against LGBTI people.
More than 65 countries criminalise same-sex sexual relations, including at least eight that impose the death penalty. Globally, gay men and other men who have sex with men are around 28 times more likely to acquire HIV than the general population and are much less likely to access HIV services.
In 2017, gay men and other men who have sex with men accounted for 18% of new HIV infections worldwide.
Transgender people, who account for an estimated 0.1 - 1.1% of the global population, often face stigma, discrimination and social rejection in their homes and communities. Discrimination, violence and criminalisation prevent transgender people from accessing the HIV services they need to stay healthy. It is estimated that transgender women are 13 times more likely to acquire HIV than other adults of reproductive age and that 16.5% of transgender women are living with HIV.
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